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Some Aspects of Application of Information Technologies in Medicine

Some Aspects of Application of Information Technologies in Medicine
May 06, 2014 - 22:21

This article is published in “Radiology-Practice” RP Journal. Moscow, 2009, №3 special edition ISSN 2071- 9426

The XXI century was marked by total public computerization. Computers entered every sphere of human activity naturally including one of the most important spheres, medicine. Today, the work of medical personnel is essentially facilitated in such medical organizations where information technologies are competently used.

Technology reached significant indicators especially in the field of information processing and maintenance. This goal of this article is to review the main developments of informatization of medicine. Schematically, its main parts may be illustrated as follows:

  1. Information technologies (IT) in medicine
  2. Support to medicine via Internet resources
  3. Program maintenance in medicine
  4. Problems of future. Conclusions, reviews

Support to medicine via Internet resources

Nowadays, Internet is the most convenient source of information. It plays a significant role in medicine as well. Today, it is easier to create an internet portal than a printed material. Of course, the creators of medical websites have their problems.

A notable report from official source. San-Jose, California, November, 2001.  Where will Internet have brought us after 20 years? On the eve of the 100th summer anniversary of the establishment of Nobel-Prize, the winners were asked to forecast on it. The results were published in the report by the title “Education, Innovation and Internet: Nobel-Prize winners take a look into future.”

According to the results, it turned out 69 percent of winners believed that Internet (if it existed in the past) would foster their research, while 72 percent thought that Internet would play a significant role in increase in standards of living throughout the world. This survey was being carried out by Princeton Survey Research Associates (PRSA) at the request of Cisco Systems.

Website creation stages and their application in medicine

Conditionally, website creation stages divided as follows:

1)Preliminary stage (preliminary analysis of targeted audience, development of marketing policy of the company, determining the factors for success, evaluation of

2)expenditures, competitor analysis and their website resources as well as risk evaluation).

3)Design (creation of sketches, drawing up a business plan, definition of the architecture of a site, database, needs for the software, and development of methods of safety and information security from unauthorized access).

4)Development and testing (work of WEB designers and programmers, after development of a site, its testing is held).

5)Introduction and site operation (at this stage, hosting issues (virtual space) and the issues related to domain (name) of a site are resolved).

6) Resource development (the market of electronic goods is so huge for this period that each stage of website creation should be maximal creative and innovative; already existing site should never be started). At this stage, different events directed to website development are held. The website should instantly be refreshed. When it comes to medical website, it should have high dynamics.

  Website application in medicine

1.The market of internet medicine

2. Main business (Internet questionnaires, stores of med techniques,  hygienic materials, Internet diagnosis, Internet publication on medicine)

3. Supporting tools for existing business ( search for partners, distribution systems, PR instruments, advertisement, transparency provision, search for staff)

 

In the picture, some wide field of Internet application is illustrated. In medicine, it is a complete list at all. One can carry out the most courageous project on Internet, embody in reality idea of various degree of complexity. Projects that have become popular evidently demonstrate Internet application in medicine. However, these are only a small part of them.

 

1) Websites of private policlinics and other medical organizations is not new any longer. According to Medrom.ru data, 92 percent of responded private companies have their websites. Private medical organization with the help of website may highlight unique peculiarities of their clinics (personnel qualification, ultramodern equipment, the quality of service etc.), use web technologies for improving service (making an appointment through website, on-line consultations etc.), attract new clients and maintain the old ones.

 

2) Electronic stores of medical equipment and Internet-pharmacies are very convenient for costumers as entering the site from home or from an office; a customer gets the opportunity to find information on a) presence of goods b) current price c) delivery terms. Such conveniences instantly attract new clients from users. However, there are some organizational difficulties here. For instance, such websites should instantly be under the control of programmers and web designers. Moreover, such organizations should have well adjusted department of logistics.

3) Sites for private physicians. Here, a physician presents the list of services, exposes his works etc.  Components of such site depend on his will.

4) Medical Internet publications. Internet publication unlike printed materials have several advantages: a) expenditures to create an Internet publication are considerably low. b) From customers’ point of view, they are much more convenient. However, it takes much time, patience and instant work for such publication to become popular. 

5)Online consultations have got very popular nowadays. There are sites which are engaged only in consultations. The system of work is quite simple. The customer asks a question to the physician and gets exhaustive answer.

Program providing in medicine

If site may be considered as a not necessary component in medicine, it is difficult to imagine medicine without IT components. IT introduction in medical organizations allows not only consuming personnel’s time, but also presenting commercial interest.  A very convenient method of archiving and information maintenance is reached through this. Different programs considerably help practicing physicians, scientific and administrative employees.

1) The program for atomization of medical organizations. Those are the programs that carry out several functions facilitating the organization’s work. For example, MIS INFOCLINICS is a complex medical information system (MIS) allowing organizing policlinics, hospital running at modern level (registry and schedule of reception, registration of rendered services, electronic history of the disease/electronic medical card, financial issues with patients and insurance companies and contractors, medical-economic standards, registration of the work of ambulance and medical help at home. Statistics and Analytics of Medical Information Analytics Center (MIAC): atomization of standards, running of the net of   branches)  

2) Patient’s electronic history of the disease. This system is served for a long time and it is applied in many countries of the world. In essence, it is the old kind history of disease, but in electronic form. It has several advantages. For instance, it is much easier to keep records and create archives in this form. Moreover, many programs contain special options for making archives (for example the program creating virtual database, itself, sorts the history in alphabetic order) . There are also several programs that have additional options: for instance, zooming and a more detailed study of scanned X-ray pictures, computer tomography. In addition, these programs allow carrying out digital processing of a picture. The introduction of computer history of disease optimizes the work of medical chains- polyclinics, hospital, laboratory, operation, rehabilitation. At the same time, it allows revealing weak chains in medicine: that is, to quit a group of technical employees who are allegedly engaged in supply of equipment, registering of medicines, and expendables etc.

3) “IT innovation” company offers to use sensor booths in medicine. Sensor information booths put at policlinics and medical organization allow getting familiar with the schedule of the work with provided services and other reference information. Besides, with the help of these information sensor booths, it is possible to register in reception choosing convenient time. Sensor information booth is a platform - an independent decision which may operate under any operational system and any software.

4) An example of a more sophisticated program. On 10 March, 2010, IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in collaboration with IBM Denmark developed software that allows organizing advanced medical information net. Firstly, the system was experienced by doctors and nurses of Thy- Mors Hospital (11000 hospital beds and more than 65000 visits of outpatients a year). Avatar usage (virtual interactive object) as a three-dimensional anatomic representation of a human body helps the personnel is easily oriented in the files of patient’s electronic history. Doctors can easily turn and scale the avatar’s figure for receiving necessary level of detailing. Special indicators in the forms of arrows point to bodies or body areas on which medical information is available. A doctor with one click on necessary arrow gets all necessary data. 

Conclusions of the Review. Problems of the future.

Thus, there were discussed some main examples of IT, technology and Internet application in medicine. A person who has some experience in these spheres knows how boundless its opportunities are.

 

Bibliography

1)     V.V. Galkin. “Medical Business”. Moscow, 2007

2)     G. Harutyunyan, A. Calinkin. “Information technologies in medicine and health care”. Moscow, 2009.

3)     Internet resources

Some Aspects of Application of Information Technologies in Medicine
Some Aspects of Application of Information Technologies in Medicine